Guide to Glycaemic Index on Diabetes
Health Regimen

Guide to Glycaemic Index on Diabetes

9 Mins read
cigna-team Author Cigna Team

Diabetes afflicts nearly 13% of Hong Kong’s population.1 While there is no cure, diabetes can be controlled via a disciplined lifestyle and the first step is to master your diet.

Understanding blood glucose (blood sugar) level is a key part of diabetes self-management. A major benchmark is the Glycemic index (GI). It tells you how quickly a food can make your blood sugar rise. The GI index runs from 0-100. 55 or below is considered a low GI.2

While the recommended blood glucose level is different for every diabetic patient, the general rule is to choose low GI foods over high GI foods, which increase glucose rapidly in your body. Diabetic patient should consult their doctor and healthcare team about the blood glucose level they should maintain.

Here is a recipe with low GI: Shitake, Ginger And Tofu Hokkien Noodles3


  • 2 tablespoons low-sodium soy sauce
  • 2 tablespoons Chinese rice wine
  • 1 tablespoon Chinese black vinegar
  • 375g packet firm tofu, cut into small cubes
  • 150g baby corn halved lengthwise
  • 150g shitake mushrooms, halved
  • 150g sugar snap peas, strings removed
  • 6 spring onions, trimmed, cut into 4cm lengths
  • 1 bunch choy sum, trimmed, cut into 3 equal lengths
  • 450g packet fresh Hokkien noodles
  • 1 garlic clove, crushed
  • 2 tablespoons finely grated ginger
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 2.5cm piece ginger, cut into very thin matchsticks
  • 1 long red chilli, deseeded, thinly sliced


  1. Combine the soy, rice wine, vinegar, garlic and grated ginger. Add tofu and marinade for 4 hours.
  2. Heat half the oil in a large wok or frying pan. Fry the tofu until golden. Remove and set aside.
  3. Heat the remaining oil, add the ginger and chilli, stir fry 30 seconds, add baby corn and mushrooms, stir fry for 2 minutes more.
  4. Add the sugar snaps and spring onions, cook for 1 minute then add choy sum, noodles and reserved marinade.
  5. Toss together for 1-2 minutes until the noodles are heated through and coated in the sauce.
  6. Return the tofu to the wok and toss to combine. Ready to serve.

While GI is a major reference for a healthy diet, not all low-GI foods are healthy choices. Chocolate, for example, has a low-GI because of its fat content, which slows down the absorption of carbohydrate.4 But given its high sugar content, it is not recommended for diabetic patients. More about diet tips on fat and calories.

We should always look for a balanced diet — low in saturated fat, salt and sugar.4 Consume everything in moderate portions because weight gain makes it harder to control your blood glucose levels. Fighting diabetes starts with a fork and spoon and it completes with Cigna Healthfirst Diamedic Plan. It offers hospitalization benefits of up to HK$3,600 per day, maximum of 270 days per policy year and much more protection. Learn more here.

  1. Diabetes Hong Kong
  2. Medline Plus - Glycemic index and diabetes
  3. Glycemic Index Foundation - Shitake, Ginger And Tofu Hokkien Noodles
  4. Diabetes UK - Glycaemic index and diabetes

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